Understanding Success Criterion 3.2.3: Consistent Navigation

Understanding Success Criterion 3.2.3 Consistent Navigation

Maintain a consistent presentation and layout across web pages on your website that follow the same way to navigate content. 

Official Requirements

3.2.3 Consistent Navigation: Navigational mechanisms that are repeated on multiple Web pages within a set of web pages occur in the same relative order each time they are repeated unless a change is initiated by the user.

Why is it required?

Repeated content in multiple pages presented in the same order helps people with disabilities to navigate easily. The same order helps differently-abled people to understand how to navigate the page. Furthermore, it also helps in locating their desired content on the page. Consistent navigation is useful to users with cognitive limitations, low vision, intellectual disabilities, and also those who are blind.

How do we fix it?

  1. The navigation menus on each page should follow the same consistent order
  2. Website elements such as search box should be present in an identical location on all pages

Mistakes to avoid

  • The main navigation block on each page is present in multiple pages, but its position is different on each page.
  • Using breadcrumb navigation but not following the same format on all pages.

Picture of Aditya Bikkani

Aditya Bikkani

Aditya is the COO of AELData, a growing technology company in the Digital Publishing and Education sectors. He is also an entrepreneur and founder of an accessibility tool called LERA. A W3C COGA (Cognitive and Learning Disabilities Accessibility) Community Member Aditya contributes to researching methodologies to improve web accessibility and usability for people with cognitive and learning disabilities.

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